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A tendon injury may occur along the tendon itself, to the tendon sheath or at the tendon origin or insertion. Often referred to by the umbrella term of tendinopathy, individuals with this kind of injury will often experience pain, stiffness and loss of strength in the affected area.
There are numerous reasons as to why these types of injuries occur. These tendon injuries are commonly found in athletes and if your job requires repetitive movement.
A tendon injury refers to the irritation and sometimes, inflammation of the tough, fibrous connective tissues that attach muscle to bone. These injuries generally occur near a joint. When too much load and pressure is applied to a joint, it can cause micro tears to occur in the tendon. These micro tears cause damage and degeneration to the tendon. This, if not given the appropriate recovery time, will lead to a chronic tendon injury.
Tendon injuries are found in the wrist, shoulder, elbow, knee and heel tendons.
There are many risk factors that can lead to the onset of a tendon injury. The most common of those are age, occupation and repetitive strain due to a sporting activity.
Although the likelihood of injuring is quite high, you can take preventative measures to decrease this risk.
If starting a new sport or activity, allow for rest days and time to recover. As well as gradually increasing the intensity at which you play certain sports e.g. golf/running. Working on your strength and endurance over time will help to condition your joints, muscles and tendons to increased loads of stress and improve joint control as you move. Tight muscles will naturally pull on a tendon more. Make sure to warm up correctly and perform gentle dynamic stretches before, and more static exercises after activity.
If you are participating in a sporting activity or occupation that requires high load and force repetitive movements, try to allow rest days to assist muscle recovery. If you feel that your muscles and tendons are weak, light resistance training and balance work concentrating can be beneficial. You can ensure all target muscles are optimised when you do weight training.
And lastly, it is important to never ignore any pain being experienced. Here at Ballsbridge Physiotherapy Clinic, our physiotherapists can assess your injury and prescribe you with an appropriate treatment plan to manage your injury. Treatments such as dry needling, soft tissue massage and joint mobilisation can be very beneficial in treating tendon injuries. If you would like to book an appointment or find out more about tendon injuries, contact us here.