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Osteoporosis refers to a reduction in bone density. Bone is a living tissue that is constantly being remodelled. In certain circumstances old bone is broken down quicker than new bone can be laid down. This can result in a reduction in bone density or brittle bones. This means that bones are more fragile and more susceptible to being broken. Up until the age of 30 is the most important time to build up bone density. Eating enough calcium and getting regular weight bearing exercise is really important to build strong bones. Bone density can reduce as we age and the biggest reduction in bone density is seen in women following menopause. Osteoporosis can be a silent disease with no symptoms, often until a broken bone occurs. This is why it is really important to screen for osteoporosis with a DEXA scan. If you are over 65 or have risk factors for osteoporosis you GP may recommend a DEXA scan.
Unfortunately, there is a lot that can be done for osteoporosis. If needed, your GP can prescribe medications to help slow down or reverse the changes of osteoporosis. Weight-bearing exercise has been shown to be beneficial for improving bone density. Weight bearing exercise may include jogging, jumping or resistance training. Here at Ballsbridge Physiotherapy we run exercise classes targeted at improving bone density. Our functional training classes cover all physical aspects important in building stronger bones, such as posture, balance, stability, mobility and strength. Improvements in strength and balance can also help to prevent falls. Please contact us for further information.