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Upper Limb


Upper Limb Shoulder


If your shoulder pain is from a sporting injury, please click here.

Frozen shoulder is a condition that is charaterised by pain in the shoulder with stiffness affecting all or most movements. Frozen shoulder can also be referred to as adhesive capsulitis and the symptoms typically begin gradually but then worsen over time.

It can occur following injury or for no apparent reason. In general, a frozen shoulder will get better over time – some respond very quickly while others need continuous management. Ice and anti-inflammatory medication may help in the early stages, and physiotherapy is vital to restore full range of movement.

Your risk of developing frozen shoulder increases if you’re recovering from a medical condition or procedure that affects the mobility of your arm — such as a fracture or a mastectomy. If you would like more information about shoulder pain, please don’t hesitate to contact us here at the clinic.

The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint. These muscles and tendons help to keep the head of your upper arm bone firmly within the shallow socket of the shoulder.

A shoulder injury can occur following injury, overuse, or from poor neck/upper back posture. Irritation of the rotator cuff tendons can be the source of pain. Most people will recover from a rotator cuff injury with physical therapy exercises and the outcome is very good in most cases. Local injection can enhance response to Physiotherapy, but surgery may be necessary for severe rotator cuff injuries involving complete tears of the muscle or tendon.

Rotator cuff injuries occur most often in people who repeatedly perform overhead motions in their jobs or sports. Examples include painters, carpenters, and people who play baseball or tennis. The risk of rotator cuff injury also increases with age.


If your elbow pain is from a sporting injury, please click here.

Your elbow joint consists of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid, and when any of these structures is hurt or diseased, this results in elbow problems.

You don’t have to be a golfer to suffer from ‘golfer’s elbow’! The pain is centred on the inside of the elbow. Gripping movements increase the pain. Overuse or repetitive movements are often the cause of the problem.

One of the main causes of pain in the elbow is tendinopathy. This is a condition in which the tendons become irritated for a variety of reasons, and the action of pulling the muscle becomes painful. Tendinopathy of the elbow is a sports injury that often occurs when playing tennis or golf. You may also get tendinopathy from overuse of the elbow.

Other causes of elbow pain include sprains, strains, fractures, dislocations, bursitis and arthritis. Treatment depends on the cause.

Overuse of the muscles that move the wrist can result in a condition called tennis elbow. Tennis elbow is an over use injury in which pain normally comes on gradually following an increase or change in activity. The pain is normally on the outside of the elbow and may be associated with neck and upper back problems. This pain may also be associated with neck or upper back problems.

Tennis elbow is not just restricted to tennis players and the medical term for this condition is lateral epicondylalgia.

Treatment for tennis elbow is most often successful, with an important part of treatment being rest from aggravating activities. Most people respond to a variety of approaches. If you suspect that you are suffering from tennis elbow, contact our team today and we would be more than happy to assess you.


Carpel Tunnel symptoms can include pain and/or pins and needles in the wrist, hand and fingers. Can be worse at night. Symptoms are from pressure on the nerves in the space at the front of the wrist. Carpel Tunnel often responds well to physiotherapy in the early stages but severe prolonged cases may require surgery or local injection.


A fall on the out-stretched hand can result in a break in the bones of the forearm or the wrist. Pain and stiffness following repair of the fracture can persist but early physiotherapy intervention speeds up recovery. We can liaise with your hospital Physiotherapist where necessary to ensure optimal care.


To find out more about the services that Ballsbridge Physiotherapy can provide please contact us.